. black lory
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- Scientific Name: Chalcopsitta atra
- Common Name/s:
- Sub Species in country / area of origin:
4... C. a. atra, C.a. bernsteini, C. a. insignis,
- Origin / Distribution:
Western New Guinea
/ Irian Jaya and some surrounding islands.
- Habitat In Wild: Edges of
forests, coastal savannah and mangroves.
- Status In Wild: ?
- Status In (Australian) Captivity:
- Age To Sexual Maturity: 3 - 4
- Lifespan (estimate): approx.
20 or more
- Sexing: Monomorphic
- Mutations: No
- Availability: Specialist breeders
- Temperament: Noisy birds and not a
popular bird in captivity probably due to its mainly black colour.
Can be aggressive especially at breeding time.
- Cost (Victoria) Per Pair: -
Normal colour (Approx.) $Lots
- Description Of Adults:
- Length: Approx. 310 - 320 mm (or approx. 12 -
- Colour ( "normal" colour ): Refer
photo/s above if available.
- Weight: Approx. 230 - 280 gms (or approx. 8 ozs)
Level Of Knowledge Required: Beginner / Intermediate / Advanced /
Government Regulations & By-Laws:
Refer to " Government Laws " web page.
Housing Requirements: Refer to "
Lorikeets & Lories " web page for general
details on the housing of Lorikeets & Lories or read on for specific
details for this parrot.
With their rarity in Australian
aviaries it would be best to give each pair a large aviary of their own.
Not to be housed with other birds due to their aggressive nature.
Do well in a parrot style aviary of
no less than about 2.4 metres long.
A suspended cage is the preferred housing for these birds.
Overseas breeding is done in suspended cages of 3 metres in length, 1
metre wide and 1 metre high (10 x 3.5 x 3.5 feet).
Can be housed in a parrot style aviary of about 4 metres long, 1
metre wide and 2.1 metres high (12 x 3.5 x 7 feet). The floor should be concrete and
easily cleaned. The aviary flights need double wiring between the
flights to avoid aggression and injury to other birds. If space
allows the pairs should not be housed side by side. It is
preferable to have a different species between pairs.
These are active and sometimes noisy birds that like branches to
chew, along with other activity items to keep them active and
entertained. These birds love to play with the "play gym" toys
that are offered to the pet birds. Physical and mental activity
should be encouraged and this may be beneficial to a healthy breeding
All fixtures, fittings, floor, feed and water bowls must easy to
clean and done so on a regular basis. Don't forget to clean any
areas of the wire mesh, walls, perches etc that are contaminated by the
food mixes. A simple hosing with water may not be adequate, so be
prepared to use a brush to remove any dried on food.
These birds love to bathe in the water and as many birds leave some
wet or dry mix in the water bowl, the automatic water systems that flush
out the water bowl on a regular basis can be the best water system.
These systems do not replace the regular manual cleaning of the water
bowls. Stainless steel utensils are ideal.
Diet / Feeding: Refer to "
Lorikeets & Lories " web page for general
details on the feeding of Lorikeets & Lories or read on for specific
details for this parrot.
Natural foods in the wild include
flowers, nectar, pollen, fruits, insects and insect larvae.
The black capped lory requires a typical Lory diet. Wet
and dry lory mix plus fruits and vegetables. Some will consume some livefood
such as mealworms.
Nesting: A basic overview only. Dimensions
are typical / average and can vary widely, influenced by the owner's
preferences and the birds preferences. Parent bird's preferences can
also be influenced by the size and type of nest-box / log in which the
bird was hatched and reared. If space allows, offering a choice of
sizes and types of logs or nest-boxes, and placed in various locations
within the aviary, can allow the parent birds to make their own choice.
Once a pair has chosen a specific nest-box/log and been successful in
it, offer that one to them each breeding season. Try and keep that one
for their exclusive use. Once a pair has chosen its log or nest-box,
the other ones can generally be removed. If the "spare" boxes are to be
removed and moved to another flight, ensure the log / nest-box is
cleaned to ensure the receptacle has the minimal contamination of mites,
parasites and pathogens.
- Nesting months:
- Log / Nest-box:
/ depth 400 mm (or approx. 16 inches)
- Log internal
diameter approx. 250 mm. (or approx. 10
- Nest-box internal dimensions approx.250
mm square (or approx. 10 inches square)
- Diameter of
hole approx. 75 mm (or approx. 3 inches)
- Inspection hole (square or round)
(or approx 4 inches)
- A removable top / lid can be a
useful access point for inspections and for cleaning.
- Location and height
of log / nest-box ......
- Angle of log or nest box ...
- Nesting log / nest-box material:
Decomposed non-toxic saw dust, wood shavings or other suitable
- Who incubates the egg/s:
Hen / cock / both share.
R. Low recommends an inverted "L" shaped nestbox
for Lories and many parrots.
Nest boxes are easy to clean, cheap
and easy to replace when they become soiled or damaged.
The nest box is left in the aviary or
suspended cage year round as Lories and lorikeets will roost in the nest during the
Timber nest-boxes generally require a
climbing structure attached inside the box below the entrance hole. Both
logs and nests need an entrance hole/opening about 100 mm (about 4 inches) from the top. The exact
size of the entrance hole depends on the size of the species. Many
species of parrots like the entrance hole to be just big enough to
squeeze through. An appropriate size entrance hole will help to give the
birds a feeling of security and confidence to effectively start and
raise a clutch of young.
The Black Lory will roost in the
nest year round. Young non breeding birds will roost in the nest
More details on
parrot nestboxes/logs and a selection of
parrot nestbox/log photos
can be found on the "nests", "parrot nests"
and "parrot nestbox photos"
web pages. Click on "Up" then "Nests" then "parrot nests"
and "parrot nestbox photos" in
the navigation bars.
Breeding: Egg Colour
White. Clutch/s per year 2 - 3. Eggs per
nest 2. Incubation
approx. 24 - 25 days. Fledge approx. 10 weeks.
Independent approx. another 6 - 8 weeks. Young are fed by the
parents for about 2 weeks after they leave the nest.
Pairs of the Black Lory can be extremely aggressive at
The young can be leg rung at age of 16-18 days.
Artificial incubation and hand
rearing or fostering will not be covered on this web site. It is
too complex and diverse in nature to be attempted here.
Health Issues: Refer to "Avian
Health Issues" web page for information and references.
- Worming and parasite control
and Quarantine requirements of new bird/s or sick bird/s are
considered to require veterinary advice and therefore not covered on
this web site. Refer "Avian Health Issues"
web page option.
- Avian medicine is advancing
at a rapid pace. Keep updating your knowledge and skills.
References: Refer to references listed on "Book References" web page.
- Australian Aviculture
- A/A Vol 47 No. 9 Sept 1993 Page 201-202 (Spain) (Inc photo)
- Australian Birdkeeper
- ABK Vol 14 Issue 12 .Dec-Jan 2002 Page 696-699.
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