. eastern rosella
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- An Australian Parrot
(Click on photo to enlarge)
- Scientific Name:
Platycercus eximius eximius
- Common Name/s:
EASTERN ROSELLA, COMMON ROSELLA.
- Sub Species: 3... (Eastern
Rosella = Platycercus eximius eximius. Tasmanian
Eastern Rosella = P. e. diemenensis. Golden mantled Rosella = P. e.
- Origin / Distribution:
Eastern Rosella =All of Victoria,
parts of New South Wales and parts of South Australia.
Tasmanian Eastern Rosella = Tasmania.
Golden mantled Rosella = Parts of New
- Habitat In Wild: Has adapted
well to urban and suburban areas and is often seen in parks and
gardens as well as sporting grounds. Natural habitat include
forested, treed woodland areas along with secondary open areas.
- Status In Wild: Common.
Has adapted well to urban areas and parklands.
- Status In (Australian) Captivity:
- Age To Sexual Maturity:
Ideally hens should be 18 months of age or older before attempting
breeding. May take up to 2 - 3 years to reach full sexual
- Adult plumage: attained at about 15
- Best breeding years (estimate):
2 years onwards
- Lifespan (estimate): approx.
- Sexing: Monomorphic
Sexes are similar.
- Mutations: Yes, many.
- Availability: Bird dealers.
Many breeders of Eastern Rosellas do so to produce colour mutations
and take advantage of the higher prices the mutations generally
- Temperament: The Eastern
Rosella will usually breed well in
captivity and is probably the most popular of the Rosellas.
Can be an aggressive bird and best housed one pair per flight.
Individual birds are popular when kept as pets or companion birds.
- Cost (Victoria) Per Pair: -
Normal colour (Approx.) $60
- Description Of Adults:
- Length: Approx. 300 mm (or approx. 12 inches)
- Colour ( "normal" colour ): Refer
photo top right above.
(Click on above photo to enlarge)
- Weight: Approx. 115 - 135 gms (or approx 4
- 5 ozs)
on "Rosellas" web page and use in conjunction with details
outlined on this page.
Level Of Knowledge
Required: Beginner /
Intermediate / Advanced /
Specialist Breeders Only.
Government Regulations & By-Laws:
Refer to " Government Laws " web page.
Refer to " Rosellas " and " Housing Birds "
web pages for general details on the housing of Australian Rosellas or
read on for specific details for this parrot.
The Eastern rosella can be an
aggressive bird and best housed one pair per flight.
An aviary of at least 3 metres long (10 feet) is recommended.
Double wiring between aviaries is necessary.
Eastern Rosellas will hybridize with
other types of Rosellas as well as with some other species of Parrots.
Records show the Eastern Rosella producing young with Bluebonnets, Hooded Parrot,
Mulga Parrot, Mallee Ringneck, Red rumped Parrot and others. With
this record it is essential that these birds are only bred in an aviary
with no other parrots.
Breed well in captivity and is probably the most popular of the
Leafy branches can be placed in the aviary for the birds to chew up.
This will entertain the birds, help minimize boredom and give the birds
some beak exercise. Natural branches can be used for perches. These
natural perches will be chewed by the birds and may need to be replaced
Diet / Feeding:
Refer to " Rosellas " and " Feeding Birds "
web pages for general details on the feeding of Australian Rosellas or
read on for specific details for this parrot.
In the wild, Eastern Rosellas spend a
lot of time on the ground foraging for foods. This habit of ground
feeding appears to be more pronounced in the Eastern Rosella than the
Because of their preference to feed on
the ground in the wild, these birds consume a larger proportion of their
foods as seeds or grains from grasses and herbs than the other types of
Rosellas. They consume similar foods in the trees and shrubs as
the other types of Rosellas. In an aviary situation the food
requirements of the Eastern rosella are the same as the other Rosellas.
Basic diet includes a quality Budgie mix
or Canary mix with added sunflower and safflower seed. A variety
of fruits and vegetables should make up a good portion of their diet to
help avoid excessive weight gain. The Eastern Rosella, along with
most captive birds, like to nibble on seeding grasses and greens.
Leafy green vegetables such as silverbeet and endive should be offered.
Fresh eucalypt branches and other suitable fresh branches can be offered
so the birds can chew the branches and eat any fruits or berries.
The sunflower and safflower seeds can be offered in separate dishes so
the breeder can monitor the amount of these seeds consumed.
Commercial parrot pellets can form part
of a balanced diet.
The habit of being a ground feeder may
place these birds in a situation that may lead to a higher likelihood of
these birds needing treatment for internal parasite infections.
A basic overview only.
All Australian parrots will breed in hollow logs.
Dimensions are typical / average and
can vary widely, influenced by the owner's preferences and the birds
preferences. Parent bird's preferences can also be influenced by
the size and type of nest-box / log in which the bird was hatched and reared.
If space allows, offering a choice of sizes and types of logs or nest-boxes, and placed in various locations within the aviary, can allow the parent birds to make their
own choice. Once a pair has chosen a specific nest-box/log and
been successful in it, offer that one to them each breeding season.
Try and keep that one for their exclusive use. Once a pair has
chosen its log or nest-box, the other ones can generally be removed.
If the "spare" boxes are to be removed and moved to another flight,
ensure the log / nest-box is carefully cleaned to ensure it has
minimal contamination of mites, parasites and pathogens.
If a valued pair
of birds is successful in a specific size/style nest-box and that nest-box has to
be replaced for some reason, make or purchase one as close as possible to the same
style, materials and size as their original one.
- Nesting months:
August to February
- Log / Nest-box:
/ depth 400 - 600 mm (or approx 16 - 24 inches)
- Log internal
diameter approx. 175 - 250 mm (or approx. 7 - 10
- Nest-box internal dimensions approx. 175 - 225
mm square (or approx. 7 - 9 inches square)
- Diameter of
hole approx. 65 - 75 mm (or approx 2.5 - 3 inches)
- Inspection hole (square or round)
(or approx 4 inches)
- A removable top / lid can be a
useful access point for inspections and for cleaning.
- Location and height
of log / nest-box = high in the covered part of the aviary but not
too close to the roof to be affected by heat from the roof in the
- Angle of log or nest box = 45 degrees through to vertical.
- Nesting log / nest-box material: Decomposed non-toxic saw
dust, wood shavings or other suitable material/s.
- Who incubates the egg/s: Hen / cock / both share.
Timber nest-boxes generally
require a climbing structure attached inside the box below the entrance
hole. Both logs and nests need an entrance hole/opening of about 65 - 75 mm diameter and about 100 mm (about 4 inches) from the top. Many
species of parrots like the entrance hole to be just big enough to
More details on
parrot nestboxes/logs and a selection of
parrot nestbox/log photos
can be found on the "nests", "parrot nests"
and "parrot nestbox photos"
web pages. Click on "Up" then "Nests" then "parrot nests"
and "parrot nestbox photos" in
the navigation bars.
Egg Colour White. Clutch/s
per year 1, sometimes 2. Eggs per nest 4 - 7.
20 days. Fledge approx. 5 weeks. Independent approx.
another 2 - 3 weeks, sometimes up to 4 weeks. Generally prolific breeders.
Artificial incubation and hand rearing or fostering will not
be covered on this web site. It is too complex and diverse in nature to
be attempted here.
Refer to "Avian Health Issues"
web page for information and references.
- Worming and parasite control and Quarantine
requirements of new bird/s or sick bird/s are considered to
require veterinary advice and therefore not covered on this web
site. Refer "Avian Health Issues"
web page option.
- Avian medicine is advancing at a rapid pace. Keep
updating your knowledge and skills.
General References: Refer to references listed on "Book References"
- Australian Aviculture
- A/A Vol 53 No. 10 Oct 1999 Page 234-237
- A/A Vol 47 No. 6 Jun 1993 Page 139-141 (Inc photo)
- A/A Vol 43 No. 2 Feb 1989 Page 29-32
- A/A Vol 40 No. 6 Jun 1986 Page 148-149
- A/A Vol 31 No. 9 Sept 1977 Page
- A/A Vol 29 No. 4 Apr 1975 Page
54-59 (Inc photo)
- A/A Vol 27 No. 9 Sept 1973 Page
- A/A Vol 27 No. 3
Mar 1973 Page 38-41
- A/A Vol 18 No 12 Dec 1964 Page 168.
- A/A Vol 15 No 12 Dec 1961 Page
157-158 (Tasmanian Eastern Rosella).
- A/A Vol 1 No 5 May 1947 (Lutino & cinnamon).
- Australian Birdkeeper
- ABK Vol 17 Issue 2. Apr-May 2004 Page 95.
- ABK Vol 15 Issue 4. Aug-Sept 2002 Page 227.
- ABK Vol 14 Issue 8. Apr-May 2001 Page 444-446.
- ABK Vol 11 Issue 4. Aug-Sept 1998 Page 174-175
- ABK Vol 8 Issue 8. Apr-May 1995 Page 401
- ABK Vol 7 Issue 6. Dec-Jan 1995 Page 284-285
- ABK Vol 3 Issue 4. Aug-Sept 1990 Page 160-165
- ABK Vol 3 Issue 1. Feb-Mar 1990 Page 15-17
- ABK Vol 1 Issue 5. Oct-Nov 1988 Page 150-151
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