Galahs are available from
Burwood Pets & Birds
(03) 9809 1212
|Burwood pets &
1415 Toorak Rd Camberwell, 3124
- An Australian Parrot
(Click on photos to enlarge)
- Scientific Name: Cacatua roseicapilla
- Common Name/s:
GALAH, ROSE BREASTED COCKATOO, ROSEATE COCKATOO.
- Sub Species:
- Origin / Distribution: Most
of Australia including Tasmania.
- Habitat In Wild: Most Australian
habitat. Has benefited by the cultivation of farmland.
Will forage in urban areas, parks and gardens.
- Status In Wild: Secure.
One of the most common of the parrots in the wild. Has adapted well to farming and suburban areas.
Regarded as a pest in some agricultural areas due to the damage
Galahs can cause to ripening crops.
- Status In (Australian) Captivity:
although not often bred in captivity. Often kept as a pet or
- Age To Sexual Maturity: About
3 to 4 years.
- Lifespan (estimate): approx. 20
- Sexing: Monomorphic
/ Dimorphic Differences are subtle.
Eye colour is a good method.
- Colour mutations: Yes
- Availability: Bird dealers
- Temperament: Kept mostly as a
companion bird or pet and not often kept for the purpose of captive
breeding. Most young birds sold are legally trapped wild birds.
Galahs tend to
be lazy and can be prone to obesity. Pairs best kept one pair per
aviary. Some learn to mimic human speech and "talk".
- Cost (Victoria) Per Pair: -
Normal colour (Approx.) $60
- Description Of Adults:
- Length: Approx. 300 - 350 mm (or approx. 12 - 14
- Colour ( "normal" colour ): Refer
photos above. Hen on nest log.
(Click on photo to enlarge)
- Weight: Approx. 300 - 350 gms (or approx. 10 - 12.5
Level Of Knowledge Required:
Beginner / Intermediate
/ Advanced / Specialist
Government Regulations & By-Laws:
Refer to " Government Laws " web page.
Housing Requirements: Refer to "
Housing Birds " web page for general
details on the housing of Cockatoos or read on for specific details for
An aviary of 4 metres long will allow
these birds to be able to get adequate exercise. The aviary should
be about 1.2 to 1.5 metres wide and about 2.1 metres high. Heavy
gauge wire is necessary, preferably galvanized weldmesh. An aviary
of up to 6 or 7 metres long is ideal.
To help relieve boredom and as a way of
providing exercise, suitable bird toys can be placed in the aviary.
Most bird toys are designed to be chewed up and will require replacing
after the birds have reduced them to splinters. Aviary breeding
birds will enjoy playing with and destroying bird toys just as much as
Suitable non-toxic leafy branches can be placed in the aviary for the birds to chew up.
This will entertain the birds, help minimize boredom and give the birds
some beak exercise. Natural branches can be used for perches. These
natural perches will be chewed by the birds and may need to be replaced
A pet or companion bird kept in a cage will require a period of
regular time outside the cage so they can get adequate exercise and
maintain good health.
Diet / Feeding: Refer to "
Feeding Birds " web page for general
details on the feeding of Cockatoos or read on for specific details for
Unlike many of the cockatoos, the Galahs
in the wild
mainly feed on the ground eating seeds, insects, fruits and vegetable
grain growing areas and farms it will eagerly consume spilled grains.
In the aviary the birds spend a lot of time on the ground.
As the Galah is prone to being
overweight or obese, an aviary diet should restrict the amount
of Sunflower and safflower seed. Other seeds can include canary, corn,
hulled oats, millet, milo, and wheat. A quality commercial "small
parrot" or parrot seed mix is commonly fed.
Other foods can include apple, almonds, peanuts, vegetables such as
broccoli, corn, peas, endive and silverbeet. Leafy green
vegetables are essential to a balanced diet. Small amounts of Plain Madeira
cake can be added to a balanced diet. Seeding grasses are eagerly
consumed. Many will eat insects such as grubs and
mealworm larvae, pupa and beetles. Dry dog food can be offered.
Commercial Parrot pellets can make up part of a balanced
The seed pods, flowers and fruiting
bodies on native trees such as eucalypts are eagerly consumed.
These items provide exercise and entertainment as well as some
Nesting: A basic overview only. Dimensions
are typical / average and can vary widely, influenced by the owner's
preferences and the birds preferences. Parent bird's preferences can
also be influenced by the size and type of nest-box / log in which the
bird was hatched and reared. If space allows, offering a choice of
sizes and types of logs or nest-boxes, and placed in various locations
within the aviary, can allow the parent birds to make their own choice.
Once a pair has chosen a specific nest-box/log and been successful in
it, offer that one to them each breeding season. Try and keep that one
for their exclusive use. Once a pair has chosen its log or nest-box,
the other ones can generally be removed. If the "spare" boxes are to be
removed and moved to another flight, ensure the log / nest-box is
cleaned to ensure the receptacle has the minimal contamination of mites,
parasites and pathogens.
A solid log is the preferred nest for
- Nesting months: Varies
depending in which state of Australia they are being bred.
In the southern states of Australia breeding usually commence breeding in
- Log / Nest-box:
/ depth 600 - 1000 mm (or approx. 24 - 40 inches)
- Log internal
diameter approx. 250 - 300 mm. (or approx. 10 - 12
- Nest-box internal dimensions approx. 250 - 300
mm square (or approx. 10 - 12 inches square)
- Diameter of
hole approx. 75 - 85mm (or approx. 3 - 3.5 inches)
- Inspection hole (square or round)
(or approx 4 inches)
- A removable top / lid can be a
useful access point for inspections and for cleaning.
- Location and height
of log / nest-box = high in the covered part of the aviary but not
too close to the roof to be affected by heat from the roof in the
- Angle of log or nest box = Log or nest box can be vertical or on an
angle of up to 45 degrees.
- Nesting log / nest-box material:
Decomposed non-toxic saw dust, wood shavings or other suitable
material/s. In the wild the birds may add eucalypt leaves to
the nest, so if available, a supply of fresh leafy eucalypt branches can be
placed in the aviary prior to breeding commencing.
- Who incubates the egg/s:
/ cock / both share.
Timber nest-boxes generally require a
climbing structure attached inside the box below the entrance hole. Both
logs and nests need an entrance hole/opening about 100mm (about 4 inches) from the top. Many species of parrots like the entrance hole
to be just big enough to squeeze through.
More details on
parrot nestboxes/logs and a selection of
parrot nestbox/log photos
can be found on the "nests", "parrot nests"
and "parrot nestbox photos"
web pages. Click on "Up" then "Nests" then "parrot nests"
and "parrot nestbox photos" in
the navigation bars.
Breeding: Egg Colour
White. Clutch/s per year 1,
sometimes 2. Eggs per nest 2 - 6. Incubation
approx. 24 days. Fledge approx. 6 - 8 weeks.
Independent approx. another 3 months.
In the wild they will nest close to
other breeding pairs. After fledging the young may form a crèche
with the parents feeding their own young.
Not bred by many people in an aviary as
young birds can be legally harvested from the wild.
Try and identify the correct sub-species
of each bird prior to pairing up the birds and keep the sub-species
Aviary bred birds are often hand-reared
and sold to people for housing indoors as a pet or companion bird.
Artificial incubation and hand
rearing or fostering will not be covered on this web site. It is
too complex and diverse in nature to be attempted here.
Health Issues: Refer to "Avian
Health Issues" web page for information and references.
- Worming and parasite control
and Quarantine requirements of new bird/s or sick bird/s are
considered to require veterinary advice and therefore not covered on
this web site. Refer "Avian Health Issues"
web page option.
- Avian medicine is advancing
at a rapid pace. Keep updating your knowledge and skills.
References: Refer to references listed on "Book References"
- Australian Aviculture
- A/A Vol 53 No. 6 Jun 1999 Page 129-135 (Inc photos)
- A/A Vol 46 No. 2 Feb 1992 Page 40-41
- A/A Vol 44 No. 12 Dec 1990 Page 307-308 (Inc photo)
- A/A Vol 35 No. 2 Feb 1981 Page 44-47
- A/A Vol 34 No. 11 Nov 1980 Page 207-208
- A/A Vol 29 No. 9 Sept 1975 Page 134-140 (Inc photo)
- A/A Vol 16 No 12 Dec 1962 Page 157-158.
- A/A Vol 8 No 6 Jun 1954 Page 71.
- Australian Birdkeeper
- ABK Vol 18 Issue 11. Oct-Nov 2005 Page 669-673 (Corellas &
Cockatoos of inland Australia)
- ABK Vol 12 Issue 12. Dec-Jan 2000 Page 622-624
- ABK Vol 9 Issue 3. Jun-July 1996 Page 124-126
- ABK Vol 8 Issue 9. Jun-July 1995 Page 428-430
- ABK Vol 4 Issue 7. Feb-Mar 1991 Page 299-303
- ABK Vol 2 Issue 12. Dec-Jan 1990 Page 469
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