. Janday conure|
A new conure species has been identified in Brazil. The new species has been called the Sulphur-breasted conure. Scientific name is Aratinga pintoi. These birds look similar to an immature Sun conure. "This species appears to be a kind of "missing link" between the Sun and Janday Conure". Refer to ABK Vol. 18 Issue 9. Jun-July 2005 Page 526-527.
Level Of Knowledge Required: Beginner / Intermediate / Advanced / Specialist Breeders Only.
Government Regulations & By-Laws: Refer to " Government Laws " web page.
Housing Requirements: Refer to " Conures " web page for general details on the housing of Conures.
Can be bred in a cage or in an aviary. A
minimum cage size of about 900mm - 1000mm (about 3 - 3.5 feet) long, 600mm (2
ft.) wide and 600mm (2 ft) high is suitable. The nest box can be
externally attached to the cage with an entry hole of about 70 - 80 mm (3in.).
Conures are best housed as one pair per cage or aviary and it is generally unwise to have any other birds in the same aviary. They may kill any bird they do not like.
Conures indoors demand a lot of attention and will need a good supply of toys to entertain themselves when you are not around. They need a good supply of branches to chew up.
Metal frame aviary is necessary.
Leafy branches can be placed in the aviary or cage for the birds to chew up. This will entertain the birds, help minimize boredom and give the birds some beak exercise. Natural branches can be used for perches. These natural perches will be chewed by the birds and may need to be replaced regularly. Check with local aviculturalists or an avian veterinarian to ascertain which shrub/tree species are non toxic and safe to give to the birds.
Diet / Feeding: Refer to " Conures " web page for general details on the feeding of Conures.
Along with a quality seed mix, they like a variety of fruits and vegetables. Most fruits (except avocado) people eat will be eaten by conures. Most vegetables (except onion) people eat will be eaten by conures. They love corn-on-the-cob. Thawed frozen vegetables can be used when fresh is not available.
Nesting: A basic overview only. Dimensions are typical / average and can vary widely, influenced by the owner's preferences and the birds preferences. Parent bird's preferences can also be influenced by the size and type of nest-box / log in which the bird was hatched and reared. If space allows, offering a choice of sizes and types of logs or nest-boxes, and placed in various locations within the aviary, can allow the parent birds to make their own choice. Once a pair has chosen a specific nest-box/log and been successful in it, offer that one to them each breeding season. Try and keep that one for their exclusive use. Once a pair has chosen its log or nest-box, the other ones can generally be removed. If the "spare" boxes are to be removed and moved to another flight, ensure the log / nest-box is cleaned to ensure the receptacle has the minimal contamination of mites, parasites and pathogens.
They may roost in the breeding box year round.
Timber nest-boxes generally require a climbing structure attached inside the box below the entrance hole. Both logs and nests need an entrance hole/opening about 100mm (about 4 inches) from the top. Many species of parrots like the entrance hole to be just big enough to squeeze through.
More details on parrot nestboxes/logs and a selection of parrot nestbox/log photos can be found on the "nests", "parrot nests" and "parrot nestbox photos" web pages. Click on "Up" then "Nests" then "parrot nests" and "parrot nestbox photos" in the navigation bars.
Breeding: Egg Colour White. Clutch/s per year 2. Eggs per nest 3 - 4. Incubation approx. 23 - 26 days. Fledge approx. 7 - 8 weeks. Independent approx. another 2 - 3 weeks.
They have a very high fertility rate. If more than 4 eggs are laid and hatch, the hen may not feed all the young so it is usual practise to remove the youngest bird/s and hand feed those young. Birds to be raised as pet or companion birds are often removed from the nest/parent birds at about 2.5 - 3 weeks of age and hand raised.
Best breeding results occur with only one pair per aviary. Young are often taken from the nest at 2 - 3 weeks of age if they are to be hand raised.
The adult Janday conure is usually a good reliable parent and can be trusted to raise their own young. The removal of the eggs or young birds is often done to increase the number of young produced per season. The parent birds should be allowed to raise at least one clutch per season. Many of the hand raised birds are sold into the pet bird market.
General practise is to remove the young birds from the parent birds and as soon as they are fully independent so as to avoid possible aggression from a parent.
Will hybridize with a wide range of conures.
Artificial incubation and hand rearing or fostering will not be covered on this web site. It is too complex and diverse in nature to be attempted here.
Health Issues: Refer to "Avian Health Issues" web page for information and references.
General References: Refer to references listed on "Book References" web page.