G. t. dorsalis - Western form - Found only in Western Australia. Similar to the White backed race.
G. t. tibicen - Black backed form is the nominate race and the most widespread. The Black backed Magpie is found in all mainland States. Not found in Tasmania.
The 3 races hybridize where the territories overlap.
Level Of Knowledge Required: Beginner / Intermediate / Advanced / Specialist Breeders Only.
Government Regulations & By-Laws: Refer to "Government Laws" web page.
Housing Requirements: Click on "Housing birds" web page for general details on the housing of Softbills or read on for specific details for this finch.
In the wild, a breeding pair will have a territory of about 8 hectares (about 20 acres). The territory will have adequate food, nesting sites and a permanent source of water.
Typical large planted finch aviary is ideal, 4 metres x 1 metre x 2.1 metres high (13 x 3.5 x 7 feet).
Diet / Feeding: Click on "Feeding birds" web page for general details on the nutrition of Softbills or read on for specific details for this finch.
Natural diet includes insects, berries,
worms, frogs, small lizards and skinks, and some grains. Most foods are
found on or just below the ground surface.
Nesting: A basic overview only.
Breeding: Egg Colour Blue or green, brown-blotched eggs. Clutch/s per year ..usually 1, but may lay a second clutch if the first clutch is destroyed or fails to hatch. Eggs per nest 3 - 6. Incubation approx. 20 - 21 days. Fledge approx. 4 weeks. Independent = The young. in the wild, are allowed to stay in their parent's territory for up to two years. After that they are chased from the parental territory to form a loose flock with other juveniles and non-breeding Magpies. When they are mature and strong enough they may establish their own territory and begin breeding.
Two young fledging per nest is common.
Magpies are often found in groups of up to ten birds, sometimes more, however, the dominant hen is the only hen that will lay and raise young in the family group. The other birds often help with the feeding and care of the young.
Artificial incubation, hand rearing or fostering will not be covered on this web site. It is too complex and diverse in nature to be attempted here. Refer "Specific References" as listed below and "General References" listings.
Health Issues: Refer "Avian Health Issues" web page for information and references.
General References: Refer to references listed on "Book References" web page.