. Nanday conure
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- Scientific Name: Nandayus nenday
(Click on photo of "pair preening" to enlarge)
- Common Name/s:
NANDAY CONURE, BLACK HEADED CONURE, BLACK MASKED CONURE.
- Sub Species in country / area of origin:
- Origin / Distribution: South
- Habitat In Wild: Forested
areas and savannah. Has adapted
to benefit from farmlands and will eat grain and seed crops.
- Status In Wild: Secure.
- Status In (Australian) Captivity:
- Age To Sexual Maturity:
about 12 months
- Adult plumage: Attained at by the
time they leave the nest.
- Best breeding years (estimate): ?
- Lifespan (estimate): approx.
20 or more
- Sexing: Monomorphic
/ Dimorphic. Surgical sexing is often
- Colour mutations: ?
- Availability: Bird dealers.
- Temperament: Can be very noisy and
is generally un-suitable for a residential area. Generally good
breeders. Can be bred in cages or an aviary. Best kept one pair per
aviary. Like to chew timber. Can make an excellent
companion bird or pet, especially if only one is kept. However
there is one proviso and that is that these birds as pets can be
very demanding of your time and attention. They may sleep in
their nest box year round.
- Cost (Victoria) Per Pair: -
Normal colour (Approx.) $200
- Description Of Adults:
- Length: Approx. 310 - 320 mm (or approx 12.5 -
- Colour ( "normal" colour): Refer
photo top right.
(Click on above photo to enlarge)
- Weight: Approx. 140 gms (or approx 5 ozs)
Level Of Knowledge Required: Beginner / Intermediate
/ Advanced / Specialist
Government Regulations & By-Laws:
Refer to " Government Laws " web page.
Housing Requirements: Refer to "
Conures " web page for general
details on the housing of Conures or read on for specific
details for this parrot.
Nanday Conures will quickly destroy
timbers so a steel aviary is recommended. An aviary or suspended cage of
about 3 metres ( 10 feet) long is ideal.
These conures can be housed and bred in a suspended cage. These birds
do best if they are provided with an area of privacy in both the aviary as well as in a suspended cage.
Conures are best housed as one pair per
cage or aviary and it is generally unwise to have any other birds in the
same aviary. They may kill any bird they do not like.
Leafy branches can be placed in the aviary or cage for the birds to chew up.
This will entertain the birds, help minimize boredom and give the birds
some beak exercise. Natural branches can be used for perches. These
natural perches will be chewed by the birds and may need to be replaced
regularly. Check with local
aviculturalists or an avian veterinarian to ascertain which shrub/tree species
are non toxic and safe to give to the birds.
Diet / Feeding: Refer to "
Conures " web page for general
details on the feeding of Conures or read on for specific
details for this parrot.
As with the other species of conures, the Nanday conure requires a mix of fruits, vegetables and some green leafy
vegetables as well as a quality seed mix. The seed mix can compromise about 25%
plain canary seed.
Nesting: A basic overview only. Dimensions
are typical / average and can vary widely, influenced by the owner's
preferences and the birds preferences. Parent bird's preferences can
also be influenced by the size and type of nest-box / log in which the
bird was hatched and reared. If space allows, offering a choice of
sizes and types of logs or nest-boxes, and placed in various locations
within the aviary, can allow the parent birds to make their own choice.
Once a pair has chosen a specific nest-box/log and been successful in
it, offer that one to them each breeding season. Try and keep that one
for their exclusive use. Once a pair has chosen its log or nest-box,
the other ones can generally be removed. If the "spare" boxes are to be
removed and moved to another flight, ensure the log / nest-box is
cleaned to ensure the receptacle has the minimal contamination of mites,
parasites and pathogens.
- Nesting months:
- Log / Nest-box:
/ depth 400 - 600 mm (or approx. 16 - 24 inches)
- Log internal
diameter approx. 250 - 300 mm. (or approx. 10 - 12
- Nest-box internal dimensions approx. 250
mm square (or approx. 10 inches square)
- Diameter of
hole approx. 70 - 80 mm (or approx. 3 inches)
- Inspection hole (square or round)
(or approx 4 inches)
- A removable top / lid can be a
useful access point for inspections and for cleaning.
- Location and height
of log / nest-box = in a sheltered part of the aviary and at about
1.5 - 1.8 metres height, but not too close to the roof to cause heat
problems in the hotter months. Many breeders make the nest entry
hole smaller than normal diameter and allow the Nandays to chew the
timber entry hole to the size they prefer. This can stimulate these
birds to breed.
- Angle of log or nest box = 45 degrees through to vertical. Most
boxes are vertical.
- Nesting log / nest-box material:
Decomposed non-toxic saw dust, wood shavings or other suitable
- Who incubates the egg/s:
/ cock / both share.
Conures have a habit of removing all the
nest box material and laying their eggs on the bare wooden base. Add
more nest material to the nest as required so the eggs are not damaged
by the hard flat nest base.
Nanday Conures will generally tolerate
Timber nest-boxes generally require a
climbing structure attached inside the box below the entrance hole. Both
logs and nests need an entrance hole/opening about 100mm (about 4 inches) from the top. Many species of parrots like the entrance hole
to be just big enough to squeeze through.
More details on
parrot nestboxes/logs and a selection of
parrot nestbox/log photos
can be found on the "nests", "parrot nests"
and "parrot nestbox photos"
web pages. Click on "Up" then "Nests" then "parrot nests"
and "parrot nestbox photos" in
the navigation bars.
Breeding: Egg Colour
White. Clutch/s per year 2 - 3. Eggs
per nest 3 - 5. Incubation
approx. 23 - 26 days. Fledge approx. 8 weeks.
Independent approx. another 2 - 3 weeks.
They do better in a small parrot aviary
than in a large cage.
Artificial incubation and hand
rearing or fostering will not be covered on this web site. It is
too complex and diverse in nature to be attempted here.
Health Issues: Refer to "Avian
Health Issues" web page for information and references.
- Worming and parasite control
and Quarantine requirements of new bird/s or sick bird/s are
considered to require veterinary advice and therefore not covered on
this web site. Refer "Avian Health Issues"
web page option.
- Avian medicine is advancing
at a rapid pace. Keep updating your knowledge and skills.
References: Refer to references listed on "Book References"
- Australian Aviculture
- A/A Vol 59 No. 9 Sept 2005 Page 203-204.
- A/A Vol 51 No. 9 Sept 1997 Page 193-194
- A/A Vol 46 No. 12 Dec 1992 Page 296-297 (Canary Islands)
- A/A Vol 34 No. 5 May 1980 Page 77-78
- A/A Vol 19 No. 6 Jun 1965 Page 91.
- Australian Birdkeeper
- ABK Vol 10 Issue 7. Feb-Mar 1997 Page 342-343
- ABK Vol 2 Issue 7. Feb-Mar 1989 Page 238-240
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