. purple crowned lorikeet
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- An Australian Lorikeet
- Scientific Name: Glossopsitta porphyrocephala
- Common Name/s:
PURPLE CROWNED LORIKEET
- Sub Species:
- Origin / Distribution:
South-western and south eastern Australia. Not found in
- Habitat In Wild:
Predominantly an inland species but will also be found near the
coast. Usually inhabits drier, lightly timbered areas.
- Status In Wild: Secure
- Status In (Australian) Captivity:
- Age To Sexual Maturity: 8 - 12
months. Hens should be about 12 months of age before they are
allowed to breed.
- Adult plumage: attained at about 6
- Best breeding years (estimate):
- Lifespan (estimate): approx. 7 - 9
- Sexing: Monomorphic
- Colour mutations: ?
- Availability: Bird dealers
- Temperament: Good bird for those
wishing to breeding lorikeets. Best results are achieved with one pair per
aviary. Do well in a suspended cage. Generally good breeders. Can be
kept in a mixed collection of small parrots or finches. Can be kept
as a pet or companion bird.
- Cost (Victoria) Per Pair: -
Normal colour (Approx.) $300
- Description Of Adults:
- Length: Approx. 160 mm (or approx 6 - 6.5 inches)
- Colour ( "normal" colour ): Refer
photo/s above if available.
- Weight: Approx. 40 - 50 gms (or approx 1.2
- 1.5 ozs)
Purple crowned Lorikeet is a member of the GLOSSOPSITTA genus along
with the Little Lorikeet and the Musk Lorikeet .
Level Of Knowledge Required: Beginner / Intermediate
/ Advanced / Specialist
Government Regulations & By-Laws:
Refer to " Government Laws " web page.
Housing Requirements: Refer to "
Lorikeets & Lories " web page for general
details on the housing of Lorikeets & Lories or read on for specific
details for this parrot.
Can be kept in a large aviary with a mixed collection of small
parrots or finches.
Best kept one pair per aviary but can be successful in a colony.
Purple crowned lorikeets do well in a suspended cage. The minimize
size for one pair should be about 1200mm long, 600mm wide and 900mm high
(4ft x 2ft x 3 ft).
A suspended cage is popular for these birds. An aviary of about 3
metres (10 feet) long is ideal for these birds. The suspended cage can
also be about 2 - 3 metres long.
A wide range of bird toys and "bird gyms" can be seen at good retail
bird dealers and pet shops. Bird toys and "bird gyms" can be
placed in an outdoor aviary not just indoor cages. Most parrots,
including Lorikeets, love to play with bird toys and "bird gyms" and it
gives them a reason to be active and entertain themselves. Along with
the physical activity, it also gives them some mental exercise and
mental stimulation i.e. environmental enrichment.
Diet / Feeding: Refer to "
Lorikeets & Lories " web page for general
details on the feeding of Lorikeets & Lories or read on for specific
details for this parrot.
Typical lorikeet diet is required.
Many quality commercial dry mixes are available from bird dealers, pet
shops and bird clubs. The
use of wet and dry mix requires daily attention to thorough cleaning and
hygiene. Abide by the "use by date" and store according to the
manufacturers directions. Special attention has to be paid to the
water bowl as lories and lorikeets often deposit food into the water
bowl. The wet food mix should be removed from the cage before
dark. The birds should not have access to wet foods left in a cage
overnight. Dry food mix must always be available.
The flowers from non-toxic native trees and shrubs
such as Grevillia, Callistemon and eucalypt can be placed in the aviary for the
birds to play with and obtain some nutritional value.
Nesting: A basic overview only. Dimensions
are typical / average and can vary widely, influenced by the owner's
preferences and the birds preferences. Parent bird's preferences can
also be influenced by the size and type of nest-box / log in which the
bird was hatched and reared. If space allows, offering a choice of
sizes and types of logs or nest-boxes, and placed in various locations
within the aviary, can allow the parent birds to make their own choice.
Once a pair has chosen a specific nest-box/log and been successful in
it, offer that one to them each breeding season. Try and keep that one
for their exclusive use. Once a pair has chosen its log or nest-box,
the other ones can generally be removed. If the "spare" boxes are to be
removed and moved to another flight, ensure the log / nest-box is
cleaned to ensure the receptacle has the minimal contamination of mites,
parasites and pathogens.
- Nesting months:
September to December
- Log / Nest-box: These birds
can be messy nesters and regular cleaning of the nest may be
/ depth 300 mm (or approx. 12 inches)
- Log internal
diameter approx. 175 - 200 mm (or approx. 7 - 8
- Nest-box internal dimensions approx.175 - 190 mm square
(or approx 7 inches square)
- Diameter of
hole approx. 50 mm (or approx. 2 inches)
- Inspection hole (square or round)
(or approx 4 inches)
- A removable top / lid can be a
useful access point for inspections and for cleaning.
- Location and height
of log / nest-box = in a sheltered part of the aviary and at about
1.5 - 1.8 metres height, but not too close to the roof to cause heat
problems in the hotter months.
- Angle of log or nest box = usually vertical or near
- Nesting log / nest-box material:
Decomposed non-toxic saw dust, wood shavings or other suitable
- Who incubates the egg/s:
Hen / cock / both share.
Nest boxes are easy to clean, cheap
and easy to replace when they become soiled or damaged.
The nest box is left in the aviary or
suspended cage year round as Lories and lorikeets will roost in the nest during the
Timber nest-boxes generally
require a climbing structure attached inside the box below the entrance
hole. Both logs and nests need an entrance hole/opening of between 50 -
80mm diameter and about 100 mm (about 4 inches) from the top. The exact
size of the entrance hole depends on the size of the species. Many
species of parrots like the entrance hole to be just big enough to
squeeze through. An appropriate size entrance hole will help to give the
birds a feeling of security and confidence to effectively start and
raise a clutch of young.
More details on
parrot nestboxes/logs and a selection of
parrot nestbox/log photos
can be found on the "nests", "parrot nests"
and "parrot nestbox photos"
web pages. Click on "Up" then "Nests" then "parrot nests"
and "parrot nestbox photos" in
the navigation bars.
Breeding: Egg Colour
White. Clutch/s per year 1 or 2. Eggs
per nest 2 - 4. Incubation
approx. 20 days. Fledge approx. 7 - 8 weeks.
Independent approx. another 1 - 2 weeks.
Hens should be about 12 months of age before they are allowed to
breed. Allowing the hens to fully mature will extend their breeding life
and maximize their abilities to successfully raise each clutch of eggs
Artificial incubation and hand
rearing or fostering will not be covered on this web site. It is
too complex and diverse in nature to be attempted here.
Health Issues: Refer to "Avian
Health Issues" web page for information and references.
- Worming and parasite control
and Quarantine requirements of new bird/s or sick bird/s are
considered to require veterinary advice and therefore not covered on
this web site. Refer "Avian Health Issues"
web page option.
- Avian medicine is advancing
at a rapid pace. Keep updating your knowledge and skills.
References: Refer to references listed on "Book References" web page.
- Australian Aviculture
- A/A Vol 58 No. 10 Oct 2004 Page 223
(Nestboxes for small lorikeets).
- A/A Vol 50 No. 1 Jan 1996 Page 1-5 (Inc photo)
- A/A Vol 46 No. 6 Jun 1992 Page 139-143 (Inc photo)
- A/A Vol 34 No. 1 Jan 1980 Page 4-6
- A/A Vol 29 No. 3 Mar 1975 Page
- A/A Vol 29 No. 2 Feb 1975 Page
- A/A Vol 12 No 8 Aug 1958 Page 105-107.
- A/A Vol 12 No 5 May 1958 Page 64-67.
- A/A Vol 8 No 12 Dec 1954 Page 143 (First breeding).
- A/A Vol 6 No 12 Dec 1952 Page 140-141.
- A/A Vol 3 No 7 Jul 1949 Page 76.
- Australian Birdkeeper
- ABK Vol 12 Issue 8. Apr-May 1999 Page 378-379
- ABK Vol 3 Issue 4. Aug-Sept 1990 Page 178-181
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