Splendid Fairy Wren
PO  Box 126 Mitcham Vic 3132 ( Victoria, Australia )

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. splendid fairy wren
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  • An Australian Softbill
  • Scientific Name: Malurus splendens
  • Sub Species in country / area of origin: 3.....M. s. splendens,   M. s. callainus,  M. s. melanotus.
  • Origin / Distribution: Nominate subspecies =  Malurus splendens= Lower half of Western Australia.   Subspecies  M. s. melanotus = Black backed = North-west Victoria, western two thirds of New South Wales, and a small portion of southern Queensland.
  • Habitat In Wild: M. s. splendens - heathy woodlands.  M. s. melanotus - mallee.  M. s. callainus - mulga.
  • Status In Wild: Secure, subject to preservation of suitable habitat.
  • Status In (Australian) Captivity:  Rare
  • Age To Sexual Maturity:  ?
  • Best breeding years (estimate):  12 months to 4th year
  • Lifespan (estimate):  Life span about 5 - 6 years.
  • Sexing: Monomorphic / Dimorphic Adult birds are dimorphic, but young birds are difficult to sex and may require DNA sexing.
  • Colour mutations: None
  • Availability: Specialist breeders
  • Temperament:  Mainly  insect eaters.  They are active birds and constantly on the move.  Fairy wrens are aggressive, territorial birds.  In the wild they form family groups.  One pair per planted aviary is recommended.  Fairy wrens can generally be kept with finches and Neophema parrots although care must be taken when cock birds are housed with similar coloured finches.
  • Cost (Victoria) Per Pair: - Normal colour (Approx) $600
  • Description Of Adults:
  1. Length: Approx. 130 mm (or approx 5 inches)
  2. Colour ( "normal" colour ): Refer photo/s above if available.
  3. Weight: Approx. ? gms (or approx ? ozs)
Aviary Notes:

Level Of Knowledge Required: Beginner / Intermediate / Advanced / Specialist Breeders Only.

Government Regulations & By-Laws:  Refer to "Government Laws" page.

Housing Requirements:  Click on "Softbills" web page for general details on the housing of  Softbills or read on for specific details for this finch.

Wrens require a well planted aviary if they are to survive.  Growing plants can be supplemented with dry brush such as tea tree.  The dense planting helps reduce the stress levels in these small birds.  One good point of Wrens is the fact that they do little or no damage the growing plants.

As per "Fairy Wrens" article on the top portion of the "Softbills" web page.

Diet / Feeding:  Click on "Softbills" web page for general details on the nutrition of  Softbills or read on for specific details for this finch.

As per "Fairy Wrens" article on the top portion of the "Softbills" web page.

Nesting:  A basic overview only.

  • Roosting nest: Yes / No
  • Nesting months: Spring to March
  • Nesting receptacles: Wild pairs built the nest high up in a tall tree.
  • Nest: The hen builds the nest. Nest is lined with soft fine grasses.  They may use spider webs, grass rootlets, fur, wool in the nest construction.
  • Who incubates the eggs: Hen / cock / both share.

Breeding: Egg Colour.. white or pinkish white with reddish brown spots.  Clutch/s per year 2 - 3.  Eggs per nest 3 - 4.  Incubation approx 13 - 14 days.  Fledge approx  2 weeks.  Independent approx. another 2 - 4 weeks.

Refer to "Fairy Wrens" article on the top portion of the "Softbills" web page.

Artificial incubation, hand rearing or fostering will not be covered on this web site.  It is too complex and diverse in nature to be attempted here.  Refer "Specific References" as listed below and "General References" listings.

Health Issues: Refer "Avian Health Issues" web page for information and references.

  • Worming and parasite control and Quarantine requirements of new birds or sick birds are considered to require veterinary advice and therefore not covered on this web site.  Refer above option - "Avian Health Issues" web page.
  • Avian medicine is advancing at a rapid pace.  Keep updating your knowledge and skills.

General References:  Refer to references listed on "Book References" web page.

Specific References:

  • Australian Aviculture 
  • A/A Vol 52 No. 6 Jun 1998 Page 131-138 (Inc photo)
  • A/A Vol 20 No 12 Dec 1966 Page 166-171 (Inc colour plates).
  • Australian Birdkeeper
  • ABK Vol 8 Issue 7. Feb-Mar 1995 Page 338-342

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