White eared Conure
. white eared conure|
Level Of Knowledge Required: Beginner / Intermediate / Advanced / Specialist Breeders Only.
Government Regulations & By-Laws: Refer to " Government Laws " web page.
Housing Requirements: Refer to " Conures " web page for general details on the housing of Conures or read on for specific details for this parrot.
With their rarity in Australian aviaries it would be best to give each pair an aviary of their own.
Conures will quickly destroy timbers so a steel aviary is recommended. An aviary of at least 3 metres ( 10 feet) long is recommended. Suspended cage can be about 1200mm - 1800mm long ( 4 - 6 ft).
The White eared conure can be housed and bred in a suspended cage. These birds do best if they are provided with an area of privacy in both the aviary as well as in a suspended cage.
Conures are best housed as one pair per cage or aviary and it is generally unwise to have any other birds in the same aviary. They may kill any bird they do not like.
Leafy branches can be placed in the aviary or cage for the birds to chew up. This will entertain the birds, help minimize boredom and give the birds some beak exercise. Natural branches can be used for perches. These natural perches will be chewed by the birds and may need to be replaced regularly. Check with local aviculturalists or an avian veterinarian to ascertain which shrub/tree species are non toxic and safe to give to the birds.
Diet / Feeding: Refer to " Conures " web page for general details on the feeding of Conures or read on for specific details for this parrot.
Natural diet includes seeds, fruits, berries, nuts and insect larvae.
As with the other species of conures, the white eared conure requires a mix of fruits, vegetables and some green leafy vegetables as well as a quality seed mix. The seed mix can compromise about 25% plain canary seed.
Nesting: A basic overview only. Dimensions are typical / average and can vary widely, influenced by the owner's preferences and the birds preferences. Parent bird's preferences can also be influenced by the size and type of nest-box / log in which the bird was hatched and reared. If space allows, offering a choice of sizes and types of logs or nest-boxes, and placed in various locations within the aviary, can allow the parent birds to make their own choice. Once a pair has chosen a specific nest-box/log and been successful in it, offer that one to them each breeding season. Try and keep that one for their exclusive use. Once a pair has chosen its log or nest-box, the other ones can generally be removed. If the "spare" boxes are to be removed and moved to another flight, ensure the log / nest-box is cleaned to ensure the receptacle has the minimal contamination of mites, parasites and pathogens.
Nest inspection is generally not tolerated. A nest box can be left in the aviary year round. They may roost in the nest box in the non breeding season.
Timber nest-boxes generally require a climbing structure attached inside the box below the entrance hole. Both logs and nests need an entrance hole/opening about 100mm (about 4 inches) from the top. Many species of parrots like the entrance hole to be just big enough to squeeze through.
More details on parrot nestboxes/logs and a selection of parrot nestbox/log photos can be found on the "nests", "parrot nests" and "parrot nestbox photos" web pages. Click on "Up" then "Nests" then "parrot nests" and "parrot nestbox photos" in the navigation bars.
Breeding: Egg Colour White. Clutch/s per year 2 - 3. Eggs per nest 4 - 6. Incubation approx. 23 - 25 days. Fledge approx. 7 - 8 weeks. Independent approx. another 2 - 3 weeks.
The young fledged birds can generally safely be left with the parents. However if aggression is shown towards a fledgling, remove the young birds from the parent birds as soon as they are fully independent.
To maximize the numbers of young produced per pair, some breeders remove the first clutch of eggs and then let the parent birds rear the other clutch/s. The breeder has to incubate the eggs and hand rear the young.
The Pyrrhura genus hatchlings are difficult to hand rear as a hatchling and better results are obtained if they are fostered under other Pyrrhura species. Eggs placed in another Pyrrhura species nest should have a better chance of hatching and surviving than those that are placed in an incubator and hand reared.
Artificial incubation and hand rearing or fostering will not be covered on this web site. It is too complex and diverse in nature to be attempted here.
Health Issues: Refer to "Avian Health Issues" web page for information and references.
General References: Refer to references listed on "Book References" web page.