Brown Quail
PO  Box 126 Mitcham Vic 3132 ( Victoria, Australia )

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. brown quail
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  • An Australian Quail
  • Scientific Name:  Coturnix ypsilophora,  Coturnix australis
  • Common Name/s:  BROWN QUAIL,  SWAMP QUAIL.
  • Sub Species in country / area of origin:  4
  • Origin / Distribution:  Coastal and sub coastal regions around much of Australia plus all of Tasmania. -......insert  more detail.
  • Habitat In Wild:  Dense grasslands.
  • Status In Wild:  Declining due to habitat loss and predation.
  • Status In (Australian) Captivity:  Secure
  • Age To Sexual Maturity:  ?
  • Adult plumage: attained at about ? months 
  • Best breeding years (estimate): ?
  • Sexing:  Monomorphic / Dimorphic
  • Colour mutations:  Yes, includes pied and white.
  • Availability:  Bird dealers.
  • Temperament:  Easy to breed.  Suitable for housing with finches and small parrots.  Prefer planted aviary.  May breed year round.  Hatchling birds can get through 13 mm (half inch) aviary wire.
  • Cost (Victoria) Per Pair: - Normal colour (Approx) $40
  • Description Of Adults:
  1. Length: Approx. 190 mm (or approx 7.5 inches)
  2. Colour ( "normal" colour ): Refer photo/s above if available.
  3. Weight: Vary widely up to approx. 200 gms (or approx. 7 ozs)
Aviary Notes:

Level Of Knowledge Required:  Beginner / Intermediate / Advanced / Specialist Breeders Only.

Government Regulations & By-Laws:  Refer to " Government Laws " web page.

Housing Requirements:  Refer to "Quail" web page for general details on the housing of Quail.

Compatible with most finches, small parrots, doves and pigeons.  Best breeding results are with one pair per aviary.

Quail that are noisy, especially in the morning, should be housed in an aviary most distant away from neighbours.

Diet / Feeding:  Refer to " Quail " web page for general details on the feeding of Quail or read on for specific details for this bird.

Good quality finch or small parrot mix , seeding grasses and vegetable green foods as per "Quail" web page.  May eat some of the commercial poultry pellets.  Adequate supply of insects is beneficial at breeding time.


  • Nesting months:  May nest all year round if conditions are suitable with spring to autumn the most productive time.
  • Nest location:  On the floor in a basic nest usually at the back of the aviary in a secluded spot.  They can often build a substantial nest if sufficient material is provided.
  • Nest material:  Dry grasses.
  • Who incubates the egg/s: Hen / cock / both share.

Breeding:  Egg Colour Creamy buff, heavily spotted with small brown spots.  Clutch/s per year = multiple.  Eggs per nest 6 to more than 15.  Incubation approx. 20 days.  Independent approx.  3 - 4 weeks.

They nest on the ground in a sheltered position.

Artificial incubation and hand rearing or fostering will not be covered on this web site.  It is too complex and diverse in nature to be attempted here.

Health Issues:  Refer to "Avian Health Issues" web page for information and references.

  • Worming and parasite control and Quarantine requirements of new bird/s or sick bird/s are considered to require veterinary advice and therefore not covered on this web site.  Refer "Avian Health Issues" web page option.
  • Avian medicine is advancing at a rapid pace.  Keep updating your knowledge and skills.

General References:  Refer to references listed on "Book References" web page.

Specific References:

  • Australian Aviculture
  • A/A Vol 36 No. 11 Nov 1982 Page 235-236 (Inc photo)
  • A/A Vol 29 No. 10 Oct 1975 Page 148-152
  • A/A Vol  8 No 12 Dec 1954 Page 146-148.
  • A/A Vol  5 No 6 Jun 1951 Page 74-76.
  • A/A Vol  3 No 9 Sept 1949 Page 99.
  • A/A Vol  1  No 3 Mar 1947.
  • Australian Birdkeeper
  • ABK Vol  8 Issue 7. Feb-Mar 1995 Page 333-335

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