. Pictorella Finch
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- An Australian Finch
- Scientific Name: Heteromunia
pectoralis or formerly Lonchura
- Common Name/s:
PICTORELLA FINCH, PICTORELLA, WHITE BREASTED FINCH, PICTORELLA
MUNIA, PECTORELLA FINCH.
- Sub Species:
- Origin / Distribution: Across top
of Australia except east coast of Queensland
- Habitat In Wild: Dry arid
environment. Open grasslands, lightly treed areas and Spinifex
- Status In Wild: Nomadic bird.
Currently secure, but not common
- Status In (Australian) Captivity:
- Age To Sexual Maturity: ?
- Adult plumage: attained by about 9
- Best breeding years (estimate):
2nd - 5th year.
- Lifespan (estimate): approx
7 - 8 years
- Sexing: Monomorphic
- Mutations: No
- Availability: Bird dealers
- Temperament: The Pictorella
finch is a good in a mixed finch
collection. Not a very easy bird to breed, so it is best left to
experienced bird breeders. Should not be housed with Chestnut
breasted finch or the Yellow rumped finch due to the possibility of
hybridization. May breed year round in a suitable aviary.
- Cost (Victoria) Per Pair: -
Normal colour (Approx.) $250
- Description Of Adults:
- Length: Approx. 110 - 115 mm (or approx. 4.5 inches)
- Colour ( "normal" colour ): Refer
photo/s above if available.
- Weight: Approx. 16 gms (or approx. 1/2 ozs)
This bird has been placed in a monotypic genus. This means it
is the only one in that genus.
notes on "Finches - Australian" web page
and use in conjunction with details
outlined on this page.
Level Of Knowledge Required:
Beginner / Intermediate / Advanced
/ Specialist Breeders Only.
Government Regulations &
By-Laws: Refer to "Government Laws"
Click on "Housing birds"
web page for general details on the housing
of Australian Finches or read on for specific details for this finch.
The Pictorella finch can be bred as a colony or in a mixed species collection in a large
sparsely planted aviary with clear spaces on the floor. Better
success is generally achieved when housed as one pair per aviary.
Should not be housed with Chestnut breasted finch or the Yellow rumped
finch due to the possibility of hybridization.
Can be bred as a single pair in a large canary style cage but results
may not be as good as in an aviary.
They breed best in a planted aviary and
they spend a lot of time on the ground.
Diet / Feeding:
Click on "Feeding birds"
web page for general details on the
nutrition of Australian Finches or read on for specific details for this
The Pictorella finch requires a good quality finch mix, seeding grasses
and some green leafy vegetables. Live food is essential especially at breeding season.
Mealworms, crickets small cockroaches and small locusts can be
offered. Sprouted or soaked seed if available.
Basic seed mix should include Canary
seed, White French Millet, Japanese Millet, and Yellow and Red Panicum.
A basic overview only.
- Roosting nest: No
- Nesting months: Varies
upon which State the birds are being bred. They can breed year
round if conditions are suitable. Spring to early autumn gives
the best results.
- Nesting receptacles:
The Pictorella finch will build a nest in a low shrub or in tall grasses. If these
items are unavailable they will breed in dry brush such as tea tree
or a variety of artificial nests including a timber nest box.
In a breeding cage they will use a nest box.
- Nest: Both parents
build a dome shaped nest
made from grasses with a small side entrance hole. Nest is lined
with soft fine grasses.
- Who incubates the eggs: Hen
at night, both share during the day.
Nest inspections are generally not tolerated.
They nest low to the ground.
Parent birds generally reuse the nest
for subsequent clutches. Adequate new nest material must be
available for the birds to refurbish the old nest or build a new nest
for the next clutch.
More details on
and a selection of finch nest photos
can be located on the "nests", "finch nests"
and "finch nest photos"
web pages. Click on "Up" then "nests" then
"finch nests" and "finch nests photos" in
the navigation bars.
Egg Colour White. Clutch/s
per year 2 - 3. Eggs per nest 4 - 6. Incubation
approx 13 - 14 days. Fledge approx. 21 - 24 days.
Independent approx. 21 - 28 days. The young may
return to the nest for about one week after fledging.
Pair bonding is strong and best breeding
usually occurs with birds that have the opportunity of choosing their
own partner. Changing an adult bird's partner is often
In an aviary it is generally safe to leave the young in the same
aviary after they have become independent. Young birds (when they
become fully independent) must be removed when bred in a cage.
If the planted aviary has a good amount
of low shrubs and tall growing grasses, the Pictorella finch will usually choose to
build their nest in those plants. If the aviary does not have
these items the birds will use artificial nests such as half open nest
Artificial incubation, hand rearing or fostering will not be
covered on this web site. It is too complex and diverse in nature to be
attempted here. Refer "Specific References" as listed below and
"General References" listings.
Refer "Avian Health Issues"
web page for information and references.
- Worming and parasite control and Quarantine
requirements of new birds or sick birds are considered to
require veterinary advice and therefore not covered on this web
site. Refer above "Avian Health Issues"
web page option.
- Avian medicine is advancing at a rapid pace. Keep
updating your knowledge and skills.
General References: Refer to references listed on "Book
References" web page.
Avian husbandry notes for the Pictorella Mannikin by David Pace =
Australian Aviculture Vol. 51 No. 7 July 1997 Page 160-161
- A/A Vol 55 No. 10 Oct 2001 Page 217-219
- A/A Vol 55 No. 9 Sept 2001 Page 205-211 (Inc photo)
- A/A Vol 51 No. 5 May 1997 Page 97-98
- A/A Vol 46 No. 11 Nov 1992 Page 273-274
- A/A Vol 44 No. 10 Oct 1990 Page 259-263 (Inc photo)
- A/A Vol 34 No. 12 Dec 1980 Page
240-242 (Inc photo)
- A/A Vol 31 No. 2 Feb 1977 Page
- A/A Vol 28 No. 10 Oct 1974 Page
- A/A Vol 25 No. 10 Oct 1971 Page 162-163.
- A/A Vol 15 No. 7 Jul 1961 Page 99.
- A/A Vol 14 No. 12 Dec 1960 Page 168.
- A/A Vol 14 No. 9 Sept 1960 Page 121-122.
- A/A Vol 13 No 6 Jun 1959 Page 90-92, 96.
- A/A Vol 9 No 7 Jul 1955 Page 77-78.
- A/A Vol 9 No 5 May 1955 Page 56.
- A/A Vol 6 No 2 Feb 1952 Page 19.
- A/A Vol 5 No 2 Feb 1951 Page 26.
- A/A Vol 3 No 9 Sept 1949 Page 98 (Sexing Aust. finches).
- A/A Vol 1 No 6 Jun 1947.
- Australian Birdkeeper
- ABK Vol 10 Issue 9. Jun-July 1997 Page 457
- ABK Vol 4 Issue 8. Apr-May 1991 Page 381-385
- ABK Vol 3 Issue 2. Apr-May 1990 Page 61-64 (Part 3)
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