. Red eared firetail finch
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- An Australian Finch
- Scientific Name: Emblema oculata
- Common Name/s: RED
EARED FIRETAIL FINCH, RED EARED FIRETAIL.
- Sub Species:
- Origin / Distribution: South-west
- Habitat In Wild: Heavily
- Status In Wild: ?
- Status In (Australian) Captivity:
- Age To Sexual Maturity: about 12
- Adult plumage: attained at about 5 months
- Lifespan (estimate): approx
7 - 10
- Best breeding years (estimate):
2nd - 5th
- Sexing: Monomorphic
DNA sexing is commonly used for accurate sexing.
- Colour mutations: None
- Availability: Specialist breeders.
- Temperament: The Red eared
firetail finch likes a densely
planted aviary. Often timid birds but can be aggressive during breeding season. Best
kept as one pair per aviary.
- Cost (Victoria) Per Pair: -
Normal colour (Approx) $1200
- Description Of Adults:
- Length: Approx.110 - 120 mm (or approx 4.5
- 5 inches)
- Colour ("normal" colour): Refer
photo/s above if available.
- Weight: Approx. ? gms (or approx ? ozs)
notes on "Finches - Australian" web page
and use in conjunction with details
outlined on this page.
Level Of Knowledge Required:
Beginner / Intermediate / Advanced / Specialist Breeders Only.
Government Regulations &
By-Laws: Refer to "Government Laws" page.
Click on "Housing birds"
web page for general details on the housing
of Australian Finches or read on for specific details for this finch.
The Red eared firetail finch may be kept with other finches but with their rarity in Australian
aviaries it would be best to give each pair an aviary of their own.
Diet / Feeding:
Click on "Feeding birds"
web page for general details on the
nutrition of Australian Finches or read on for specific details for this
The Red eared firetail finch requires a
good quality finch mix, seeding grasses
and some fruits (e.g. apple) and green leafy vegetables. Live food is
essential especially at breeding season. Mealworms and small
crickets can be offered. Sprouted or soaked seed if available.
Basic seed mix should include Canary
seed, White French Millet, Japanese Millet, and Yellow and Red Panicum.
A basic overview only.
- Roosting nest: Yes
- Nesting months: Mid spring
- Nesting receptacles:
The Red eared firetail finch will
build a nest in a large wire basket filled with shrub branches.
- Nest: Domed structure made
of grasses with a long tunnel entrance. Nest is lined with
feathers and soft fine grasses. Nests are reused for
additional clutches for that season.
- Who incubates the eggs:
Hen / cock / both share.
Adequate new nest material must be
available for the birds to rebuild the old nest or build a new nest for
the next clutch.
In the wild the The Red eared
firetail finch will nest high up in
trees and shrubs. Plants and shrubs that grow to the aviary should
be grown so the nesting parent birds can build a nest as high as
possible. Additional lower growing shrubs, plants and grasses will
help replicate a natural environment.
More details on
and a selection of finch nest photos
can be located on the "nests", "finch nests"
and "finch nest photos"
web pages. Click on "Up" then "nests" then
"finch nests" and "finch nests photos" in
the navigation bars.
Egg Colour White. Clutch/s
per year 2, sometimes 3. Eggs per nest 4 - 6. Incubation
approx 13 days. Fledge approx. 21 - 24 days.
Independent approx. another ? days/weeks.
Parent birds can be very aggressive to
the young after they have reached independence. An additional
aviary must be available to house the young.
Artificial incubation, hand rearing or fostering will not be
covered on this web site. It is too complex and diverse in nature to be
attempted here. Refer "Specific References" as listed below and
"General References" listings.
Refer "Avian Health Issues"
web page for information and references.
- Worming and parasite control and Quarantine
requirements of new birds or sick birds are considered to
require veterinary advice and therefore not covered on this web
site. Refer above "Avian Health Issues"
web page option.
- Avian medicine is advancing at a rapid pace. Keep
updating your knowledge and skills.
Refer to references listed on "Book
References" web page.
- A/A Vol 59 No. 4 Apr 2005 Page 78-79.
- A/A Vol 54 No. 7 July 2000 Page 149-151
- A/A Vol 53 No. 12 Dec 1999 Page 269-274 (Inc photo)
- A/A Vol 46 No. 8 Aug 1992 Page 198
- A/A Vol 41 No. 7 Jul 1987 Page 165-167
- A/A Vol 20 No 12 Dec 1966 Page 167-171 (Inc colour plates).
- A/A Vol 18 No 7 Jul 1964 Page 96-103.
- A/A Vol 8 No 2 Feb 1954 Page 18-19.
- A/A Vol 3 No 4 Apr 1949 Page 38-39.
- Australian Birdkeeper
- ABK Vol 14 Issue 12 Dec-Jan 2002 Page 700-701.
- ABK Vol 13 Issue 3. Jun-July 2000 Page 157
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