Dybowski's Twinspot
PO  Box 126 Mitcham Vic 3132 ( Victoria, Australia )

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. Dybowski's twinspot
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  • Scientific Name:  Euchistospiza dybowskii
  • Sub Species in country / area of origin:  None
  • Origin / Distribution:  Across parts of central Africa
  • Habitat In Wild:  Hot and dry.
  • Status In Wild:  ?
  • Status In (Australian) Captivity:  Rare
  • Age To Sexual Maturity:  ?
  • Adult plumage: attained at about  3 months
  • Best breeding years (estimate):  2nd - 7th year
  • Lifespan (estimate):  Long lived for a finch.  10 or more years is possible.
  • Sexing:  MonomorphicDimorphic  Differences are subtle.
  • Mutations:  None
  • Availability:  Specialist breeders
  • Temperament:  Cock birds can be aggressive towards other finches especially around breeding season.
  • Cost (Victoria) Per Pair: - Normal colour (Approx.) $800
  • Description Of Adults: These birds have spots that are arranged in pairs or "twins".  Hence its Twinspot name.
  1. Length: Approx. 110 - 115 mm (or approx 4.5 inches)
  2. Colour ( "normal" colour ): Refer photo/s above if available.
  3. Weight: Approx 13 gms (or approx 1/2 ozs)
Aviary Notes:

Read notes on "Finches - Non Australian" web page and use in conjunction with details outlined on this page.

Level Of Knowledge Required: Beginner / Intermediate / Advanced / Specialist Breeders Only.

Government Regulations & By-Laws:  Refer to "Government Laws" page.

Housing Requirements:  Click on "Housing birds" web page for general details on the housing of Non Australian Finches or read on for specific details for this finch.

The Dybowski's Twinspot finches may be kept with other finches but with their rarity in Australian aviaries it would be best to give each pair an aviary of their own.  Spare birds should not be kept in an aviary with a breeding pair as aggression and injury would occur.

Best results are achieved in a planted aviary.  Less reliable breeding results occur when housed indoors in a cage.  Low shrubs as well as taller shrubs and tall grasses are good.

Diet / Feeding:  Click on "Feeding birds" web page for general details on the nutrition of  Non Australian Finches or read on for specific details for this finch.

The Dybowski's Twinspot finch requires a good quality finch mix, some fruits (e.g. apple) and seeding grasses.  Live food is essential especially at breeding season.  Mealworms are commonly used.  Small crickets can be offered.  Sprouted or soaked seed if available. Leafy green vegetables can be offered.

Basic seed mix should include Canary seed, White French Millet, Japanese Millet, and Yellow and Red Panicum.

Nesting:  A basic overview only.

  • Roosting nest: Yes / No
  • Nesting months:
  • Nesting receptacles:  The cock bird will make their nest in shrubs or dry brush such as tea tree.  Will use half open nest boxes and other commercially available nests.
  • Nest:  The dome shaped nest is made from grasses.  The nest is lined with feathers and soft fine grasses.
  • Who incubates the eggs: Hen at night / cock / both share during the day.

Nest is often built close to the ground.  Parent birds often reuse the nest for subsequent clutches.  Adequate new nest material must be available for the birds to refurbish the old nest for the next clutch.  Adequate new nest material must be available for the birds to build a new nest for the next clutch.
The Dybowski's Twinspot finch is generally intolerant of nest inspections.
More details on finch nests and a selection of finch nest photos can be located on the "nests", "finch nests" and "finch nest photos" web pages.  Click on "Up" then "nests" then "finch nests" and "finch nests photos" in the navigation bars.

Breeding: Egg Colour White.  Clutch/s per year 2 - 3.  Eggs per nest 4 - 6.  Incubation approx. 13 - 14 days.  Fledge approx  21 days.  Independent approx. another 4 weeks.

Form strong pair bonds.  Some hens may lay at 6 months of age but it is better if the hen is about 12 months of age prior to it starting breeding.

Young should be removed from the parent birds as soon as they are fully independent so as to avoid possible aggression from a parent.

Until the early 1990's these birds regularly bred in good numbers and with little encouragement from the keeper.  They were good reliable breeders.  Somewhere in the late 1990's Dybowski's started to become less reliable breeders and their numbers started to drop.  Today the numbers that are bred are very low and few people have pairs that are reliable breeders.  One possible explanation is that the Dybowski's Twinspot genetics has become very inbred and low fertility is the result.  Careful monitoring and recording of each parent bird's genetic background must now be considered essential for the future of this species in Australia.  All young must have their parentage recorded and available when sold to another breeder.  Every effort must be made to mate birds that are not closely related.  Avoiding the mating of related birds may help slow down the decline of these once reliable breeders.

Artificial incubation, hand rearing or fostering will not be covered on this web site.  It is too complex and diverse in nature to be attempted here.  Refer "Specific References" as listed below and "General References" listings.

Health Issues:  Refer  "Avian Health Issues" web page for information and references.

  • Worming and parasite control and Quarantine requirements of new birds or sick birds are considered to require veterinary advice and therefore not covered on this web site.  Refer above option - "Avian Health Issues" web page.
  • Avian medicine is advancing at a rapid pace.  Keep updating your knowledge and skills.

General References:  Refer to references listed on "Book References" web page.

Specific References:

  • Australian Aviculture
  • A/A Vol 54 No. 6 Jun 2000 Page 133-138 (Inc Photo)
  • A/A Vol 17 No 3 Mar 1963 Page 37-39 (Inc colour plate).
  • A/A Vol 14 No 7 Jul 1960 Page 97-99.
  • A/A Vol 12 No 1 Jan 1958 Page 12-14.
  • Australian Birdkeeper
  • ABK Vol 17 Issue 2. Apr-May 2004 Page 74-76 (Indoor cage lighting).

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