. Javan munia|
Level Of Knowledge Required: Beginner / Intermediate / Advanced / Specialist Breeders Only.
Government Regulations & By-Laws: Refer to "Government Laws" web page.
Housing Requirements: Click on "Housing birds" web page for general details on the housing of Non Australian Finches or read on for specific details for this finch.
The Javan Munia is closely related to other mannikins and the Bengalese finch and will hybridize with these species. Ideal for a mixed species collection, as colony or as a single pair in a cage.
They like a well planted aviary but this is not essential. Shrubs, tall growing grasses and potted bamboo are ideal.
Diet / Feeding: Click on "Feeding birds" web page for general details on the nutrition of Non Australian Finches or read on for specific details for this finch.
The Javan Munia will breed successfully on seed and green foods only. Apart from obtaining food, these birds are not often on the floor.
Good quality finch mix, seeding grasses and some fruits (e.g. apple) and some leafy green vegetables can be offered. Live food is not essential during the non-breeding season but may be beneficial during breeding season. Medium size mealworms and small crickets can be offered. The mealworm pupa and the beetle stage can be offered to the birds. In a mixed finch collection they may eat the other insects offered to the other birds. They will eat large quantities of ripe or semi ripe seed heads. Sprouted or soaked seed if available.
Basic seed mix should include Canary seed, White French Millet, Japanese Millet, and Yellow and Red Panicum.
Nesting: A basic overview only.
Moderate nest inspection will generally be tolerated. In an aviary it is generally safe to leave the young in the same aviary after they become independent. Young birds (when they become fully independent) must be removed when bred in a cage.
More details on finch nests and a selection of finch nest photos can be located on the "nests", "finch nests" and "finch nest photos" web pages. Click on "Up" then "nests" then "finch nests" and "finch nests photos" in the navigation bars.
Breeding: Egg Colour White. Clutch/s per year 2 or 3. Eggs per nest 3 - 6. Incubation approx. 14 days. Fledge approx. 21 days. Independent approx. another 3 - 4 weeks.
The Javan Munia can be successfully bred as one pair in a canary style cage. They are used overseas as foster parents for birds that only need a seed/grain diet.
They are closely related to other mannikins, Lonchura species and the Bengalese finch and will hybridize with these species.
Pair bonding for the breeding season is strong but different partners can be paired up each breeding season.
Artificial incubation, hand rearing or fostering will not be covered on this web site. It is too complex and diverse in nature to be attempted here. Refer "Specific References" as listed below and "General References" listings.
Health Issues: Refer "Avian Health Issues" web page for information and references.
General References: Refer to references listed on "Book References" web page.