. Red strawberry finch
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- Scientific Name: Amandava amandava
- Common Name/s: RED
STRAWBERRY FINCH, RED AVADAVAT, STRAWBERRY FINCH.
- Sub Species in country / area of origin:
- Origin / Distribution: India,
Indo-China, and parts of Indonesia.
- Habitat In Wild: Grasslands, open
cultivated fields and suburban areas. Likes wet marshy areas
with tall reeds and grasses.
- Status In Wild: Secure
- Status In (Australian) Captivity:
Secure but not common. The Red Strawberry finch is more common than the Green Strawberry finch. Hens are
harder to find than cock birds.
- Age To Sexual Maturity: about 8
- Adult plumage: attained at about 3
- Best breeding years (estimate):
2nd - 5th.
- Lifespan (estimate): About 7 - 8 years,
up to 10.
- Sexing: Monomorphic
The cock bird has a nuptial and an eclipse plumage.
- Mutations: No
- Availability: Bird dealers
- Temperament: Popular bird in
Australian aviaries. Usually has a peaceful nature and
suitable for a mixed species collection.
- Cost (Victoria) Per Pair: -
Normal colour (Approx.) $120
- Description Of Adults:
The cock bird has a nuptial and an eclipse plumage. The cock
bird resembles the hen during the non-breeding season.
- Length: Approx. 95 - 100 mm (or approx. 3.5 - 4 inches)
- Colour ( "normal" colour ): Refer
photo/s above if available.
- Weight: Approx. 9 gms (or approx. 1/3 oz)
on "Finches - Non Australian" web page
and use in conjunction with details
outlined on this page.
Level Of Knowledge Required:
Beginner / Intermediate
/ Advanced / Specialist Breeders Only.
Government Regulations &
By-Laws: Refer to "Government Laws"
Housing Requirements: Click on "Housing birds"
web page for general details on the housing
of Non Australian Finches or read on for specific details for this finch.
The Red Strawberry finch usually has a peaceful nature and suitable for a mixed species
collection in a planted aviary. Can be bred as a colony. Can be bred as a single pair in a large canary style cage but results
may not be as good as in an aviary.
Best results are obtained when housed in an aviary of about 3 metres
long with low growing dense shrubs and tall growing grasses including potted
Diet / Feeding: Click on "Feeding birds"
web page for general details on the
nutrition of Non Australian Finches or read on for specific details for this
The Red Strawberry finch requires a good quality finch mix, seeding grasses
and some fruits (e.g. apple) and some green leafy vegetables. Live food is essential especially at breeding season.
Mealworms, small crickets and small locusts can be offered. Sprouted
or soaked seed if available.
Basic seed mix should include Canary
seed, White French Millet, Japanese Millet, and Yellow and Red Panicum.
A basic overview only.
- Roosting nest:
Yes / No
- Nesting months:
February/March to end of September/October. May breed year
round if conditions are suitable.
- Nesting receptacles:
The Red Strawberry finch will build a nest in a shrub or dry
brush. Equally it will build a nest in a wide variety of
artificial nests. In a breeding cage they will use a wooden nest
box with the top half of the front removed or a cane nest.
- Nest: Both parent
birds build a small spherical
nest with a side tunnel entrance. Nest is made of grasses. Nest is lined
with fine soft grasses and feathers. November grass is ideal as a
nest lining material. Nest is about 150mm (6 inches) in diameter.
Nests may be built at any height in the aviary, except ground
- Who incubates the eggs:
Hen / cock / both share.
The hen incubates during the night.
Nest inspection is generally well tolerated. However, some pairs will
desert the nest if you inspect or touch the nest.
More details on finch nests
and a selection of finch nest photos
can be located on the "nests", "finch nests"
and "finch nest photos"
web pages. Click on "Up" then "nests" then
"finch nests" and "finch nests photos" in
the navigation bars.
Egg Colour White. Clutch/s
per year 2 - 3. Eggs per nest 4 - 6. Incubation
approx. 11 - 14 days. Fledge approx. 20 -
Independent approx. another 3 - 4 weeks.
The cock Red Strawberry finch has a nuptial and an
Parent birds generally reuse the nest
for subsequent clutches. Adequate new nest material must be available
for the birds to refurbish the old nest or to build a new nest for the
next clutch. In an aviary it is generally safe to
leave the young in the same aviary after they become independent.
Young birds (when they become fully independent) must be removed when
bred in a cage. Generally safe to remove the young from the parent birds
4 weeks after they have left the nest.
Leg rings can be placed on the young birds as soon as they leave the
The Red Strawberry finch can be bred as a single pair in a large canary style cage but results
may not be as good as in an aviary.
The Red Strawberry finch will hybridize with birds such as the
Green Strawberry Finch and the Orange breasted Waxbill.
Artificial incubation, hand rearing or fostering will not be
covered on this web site. It is too complex and diverse in nature to be
attempted here. Refer "Specific References" as listed below and
"General References" listings.
Refer "Avian Health Issues"
web page for information and references.
- Worming and parasite control and Quarantine
requirements of new birds or sick birds are considered to
require veterinary advice and therefore not covered on this web
site. Refer above option - "Avian Health Issues"
- Avian medicine is advancing at a rapid pace. Keep
updating your knowledge and skills.
Refer to references listed on "Book
References" web page.
- Australian Aviculture
- A/A Vol 59 No. 11 Nov 2005 Page 255-259 (Background notes on
some African Waxbills).
- A/A Vol 59 No 6 Jun 2005 Page 129-132 (Inc colour photo).
- A/A Vol 57 No 9 Sept 2003 Page 204-205.
- A/A Vol 57 No. 3 Mar 2003 Page 58-61 (Inc. photo).
- A/A Vol 47 No. 9 Sept 1993 Page 216-220 (Inc photo)
- A/A Vol 30 No. 12 Dec 1976 Page
- A/A Vol 20 No 6 Jun 1966 Page 80, 84 (Inc colour plate).
- A/A Vol 18 No 4 Apr 1964 Page 56-58.
- A/A Vol 14 No 6 Jun 1960 Page 85.
- A/A Vol 1 No 11 Nov 1947.
- The Bulletin No 21, July 1944 Page 7 - 8.
- Australian Birdkeeper
- ABK Vol 18 Issue 11. Oct-Nov 2005 Page 676-681 (What's
genetically pure and what's not)
- ABK Vol 4 Issue 9. Jun-July 1991 Page 403-406
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