PO  Box 126 Mitcham Vic 3132 ( Victoria, Australia )

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. skylark
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  • Scientific Name: Alauda arvensis
  • Common Name/s: SKYLARK,  COMMON SKYLARK.
  • Sub Species in country / area of origin:  ?
  • Origin / Distribution: Eurasia and northern Africa.
  • Habitat In Wild: Open country.
  • Status In Wild in Australia: The Skylark is an introduced species to Australia.  Can be found in the south-east corner of South Australia, most of Tasmania and the Bass Strait islands, lower part of New South Wales and all of Victoria.
  • Status In (Australian) Captivity: Secure, but not common.  New birds can be harvested from the wild populations.
  • Age To Sexual Maturity:  ?
  • Adult plumage: attained at about ? months  
  • Best breeding years (estimate): ?
  • Lifespan (estimate): approx. ? years
  • Sexing:  Monomorphic / Dimorphic
  • Colour mutations: No
  • Availability: Very few bred in aviaries. Specialist breeders.
  • Temperament: Skylarks are good fliers and have long broad wings.  They have long claws and this allows them to run fast over grasses.  They are good singers.  They are peaceful birds in an aviary.  They are classified as ground dwellers.  They spend most of the time on the ground. 
  • Cost (Victoria) Per Pair: - Normal colour (Approx.) $80
  • Description Of Adults:
  1. Length: Approx. 175 - 190 mm (or approx. 9 - 10 inches)
  2. Colour ( "normal" colour ): Refer photo/s above if available.
  3. Weight: Approx. ? gms (or approx. ? ozs)

Introduced to Australia in the 1850's.  Released at Geelong, Victoria in 1854 and the seven birds survived and established a viable population in Victoria.

Aviary Notes:

Level Of Knowledge Required: Beginner / Intermediate / Advanced / Specialist Breeders Only.

Government Regulations & By-Laws:  Refer to "Government Laws" web page.

Housing Requirements:  Click on "Housing birds" web page for general details on the housing of  Softbills or read on for specific details for this finch.

Typical planted finch aviary is ideal, 3 metres x 1 metre x 2.1 metres high.  As ground dwellers, Skylarks may not be suitable aviary companions with quail.

Diet / Feeding:  Click on "Feeding birds" web page for general details on the nutrition of  Softbills or read on for specific details for this finch.

Basic diet of seeds and insects is suitable for the non breeding season..  They require lots of insects during the breeding season.  Mealworms, crickets, small commercially bred cockroaches, small locusts are suitable.

Nesting:  A basic overview only.

  • Roosting nest: No
  • Nesting months: September to January.
  • Nesting receptacles:  In the wild these birds will nest under tussocks.
  • Nest:  They make the nest from coarse and lined with fine grasses and the hen and the eggs are well camouflaged within the nest.  Nest is lined with feathers and soft fine grasses.  The Skylark may nest in a slight depression on the ground.
  • Who incubates the eggs: Hen / cock / both share.

Breeding: Egg Colour  Greyish, thickly speckled with dark grey and brown.  Cutch/s per year 2 - 3.  Eggs per nest 2 - 6.  Incubation approx. 11 -12 days.  Fledge approx. ? days/weeks.  Independent approx. another .?. days/weeks.

The Skylark may nest in a slight depression on the ground or in a clump of tussock grass.  Both parent birds feed the young.

The youngsters may return to the nest at night.  The youngsters will fly in about 10 - 12 days.

Artificial incubation, hand rearing or fostering will not be covered on this web site.  It is too complex and diverse in nature to be attempted here.  Refer "Specific References" as listed below and "General References" listings.

Health Issues: Refer  "Avian Health Issues" web page for information and references.

  • Worming and parasite control and Quarantine requirements of new birds or sick birds are considered to require veterinary advice and therefore not covered on this web site.  Refer above option - "Avian Health Issues" web page.
  • Avian medicine is advancing at a rapid pace.  Keep updating your knowledge and skills.

General References:  Refer to references listed on "Book References" web page.

Specific References:

  • Australian Aviculture

  • A/A Vol 17 No 5 May 1963 Page 72-74.
  • Australian Birdkeeper

Top of - skylark - Page is one of the world's largest and most informative avian or bird web sites.  Copyright 2002 - 2008 inc.  All rights reserved.  Disclaimer:  This web site has been compiled from material provided from a large number of sources.  Personal experience and personal contacts have been used.  Results vary according to factors such as environmental factors, aviary design and the physical and genetic backgrounds of all living birds/animals.  Every endeavour has been made to ensure the accuracy of the material but no responsibility is accepted by  for the accuracy of the material on this web site. The intent of this web site is to provide a "care sheet"  format and provide general material only.  Readers should rely upon their own enquiries in making any decisions relating to their own interests.